Pharmacotherapy in clinical trials
Generally a patient should be prescribed a medicine that has official marketing authorisation in the patient's age group. According to law, the treating physician has the right to prescribe medicine that does not have the mentioned authorisation if no authorised medicine is available. In such a case, it is usually better for the patient that he or she is prescribed medicine that has not been investigated than that he or she is given no treatment at all.
The treating physician must, however, have sufficient information based on research that the administration of such medicine can be considered a better alternative than not administering it at all. A situation in which a child must be prescribed medicine, which has not been investigated in his or her age group, and in which the medicine cannot therefore have official marketing authorisation in the group in question, can be called experimental treatment.
The safest alternative, on the patient's behalf, would be to administer medicine as a part of clinical trials. Clinical trials are always a safer alternative for a patient than experimental treatment.
As opposed to experimental treatment, the advantages of clinical trials for a patient are:
in addition to the treating physician, authorities and other experts (the rest of the research group, an ethics committee, the granter of the research permission) participate in the evaluation of risks and advantages of the medicine and the trial in question
the efficacy and safety follow-up are systematic and well-planned
the results of the treatment are systematically analyzed
in the trial report, the results of the treatment become more widely known and available for the benefit of other patients